Kwalhioqua-Clatskanie-Upper Umpqua

There are two areas of Oregon with athapaskan speaking tribes. Southwest Oregon has a large number of athapaskan speaking tribes that extend as far north as the Upper Umpqua tribe and south down into northern California beyond the Klamath River. in northern Oregon on the Columbia and in the Tualatin Hills to the Tillamook was … More Kwalhioqua-Clatskanie-Upper Umpqua

The Umpqua River Indians Prepare for Removal

William Martin, the Sub-Indian Agent of the Umpqua and Coos Bay was appointed to the position by Joel Palmer in June 1853. He worked to understand the tribes of the Umpqua better, to follow Palmer’s orders and describe the tribes as best as he could. He did this for more than six months without even … More The Umpqua River Indians Prepare for Removal

Nicholas Day Saves the Umpqua Indians

The following story appeared in the Oregonian in 1900. Nicholas Day was an Indian agent who was hired by Joel Palmer to manage the Umpqua Indians. Day took his job seriously at a time when there was much unrest in the region. The Rogue River Indian war was raging through southern Oregon with many settlers … More Nicholas Day Saves the Umpqua Indians

Coles Valley settlers want the Resources on the Umpqua Reservation, 1854

The following two letters are an example of how the settlers could not live with the tribal people having any resources. The settlers in 1854 had won, and they were about to gain the whole Umpqua Valley. There had been no war or any real conflicts from the Umpqua tribes. The tribes of the Umpqua … More Coles Valley settlers want the Resources on the Umpqua Reservation, 1854

Beginnings of the Umpqua District, Agency, and Reservation

The Umpqua Reservation was located on the central Oregon Coast and was established as a reservation in May of 1856. Previously, there had been another Umpqua Reservation located in the Umpqua Valley, created to hold the Upper Umpqua, Yoncalla Kalapuya and southern Molalla peoples  of the valley, who had begun signing treaties selling their lands … More Beginnings of the Umpqua District, Agency, and Reservation