Treaty with the Umpqua and Kalapuya, Negotiated November 29, 1854, Ratified March 3, 1855

On November 29th 1854, the tribes of the upper Umpqua River (Umpqua) and Yoncalla Kalapuyans signed a treaty with the United States for their lands.  This was the second treaty for the area north of the Umpqua Range. These tribes were then removed to the Umpqua Reservation. They had already had a lot of interaction with the British and Americans at Fort Umpqua, and many were learning farming and ranching skills from the settlers. One family of the Yoncallas, the Halo family under Chief Halo (Halito), actually grew up at a village on the Row River, near Cottage Grove, outside … Continue reading Treaty with the Umpqua and Kalapuya, Negotiated November 29, 1854, Ratified March 3, 1855