Reconstructing the Willamette Valley Camas Swales

In recent work I have begun to document the various wetlands of the Willamette Valley from before settler changes took effect. Our best, and most complete set of records of this early period are the General Land Office (GLO) Maps housed now online at the Bureau of Land Management’s Land Status and Cadastral Survey Records … More Reconstructing the Willamette Valley Camas Swales

Late Removals to the Grand Ronde Reservation from Umpqua Valley and Rogue River

As noted in several essays on this blog, removing tribes from their lands and to the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation was not a perfect process. Most of the tribal people were removed in 1856. Still, several families, bands, and individuals remained on their lands, most wary of the removal process and expecting an early death … More Late Removals to the Grand Ronde Reservation from Umpqua Valley and Rogue River

Socialites and Indian Baskets: Success of Harwood Hall at Sherman and Chemawa

I have always been confused as to why there is a Chemawa Jr. High in Riverside CA. The word Chemawa is from the Kalapuya tribes of the Willamette Valley and designates a village just north of Salem, Oregon. As well there is a Native boarding school, Chemawa Indian School, that began in 1880 located north … More Socialites and Indian Baskets: Success of Harwood Hall at Sherman and Chemawa