Travels, Campmeetings, and Off-Rez Settlements of the Western Oregon Tribes

In recent years, histories of the Indians of Oregon have come under scrutiny by a cadre of historians and anthropologists. Questioned now are events that took place in Oregon, how the events unfolded and some of the “facts” of native history that most people have come to assume are the only history of Native peoples in … More Travels, Campmeetings, and Off-Rez Settlements of the Western Oregon Tribes

Narratives of Indians from Oregon’s Pioneering Days

In the first one hundred years of history writing about Oregon, there occurred something remarkable. Many writers adopted a romantic historical writing style that aggrandized the role of the pioneer, the missions of the churches, and the benefits of the colonization which took place. Many of these history scholars and writers were the direct descendants … More Narratives of Indians from Oregon’s Pioneering Days

The War of Extermination and Traditional Food Gathering by Tribes in California, 1856

The tribes of California had 18 treaties negotiated with them in 1851. Agents McKee, Barbour and Wozencraft split the state in thirds and negotiated with all of the  tribes they could in a limited time. Redick McKee traveled from Sutter’s Mills (Sacramento) north, through the Sonoma areas, and up to the Klamath river, all the … More The War of Extermination and Traditional Food Gathering by Tribes in California, 1856