Battle Creek, The First Battle in The Willamette Valley

Battle Creek, in Salem, is the location for perhaps the earliest conflict between the tribes in the Willamette Valley and the settlers, in early August 1846 (Oregon Spectator article August 6, 1846). The original inhabitants of the Salem Hills and Jefferson areas were the Santiam Kalapuyans. In this instance the fight was between the settlers … More Battle Creek, The First Battle in The Willamette Valley

Calapooia Band of Calapooias Reservation 1855

The Northern bands of Calapooias, perhaps the most affected by the early settlement of the Willamette Valley, the Ahantchuyuk inhabited the prairie east of the Willamette River above Lake Labish at Salem. This is one of the earliest areas settled and became known as French Prairie because of the numbers of French-Canadian/ French-Indian employees of … More Calapooia Band of Calapooias Reservation 1855

Chafin Band Reservation and Village 1855

The Chafin (Chifin, Chafan)  Band of Kalapuya Indians lived in and around the Eugene-Springfield  to the Coburg area.  Their main village was likely on the Willamette River at the base of the Coburg Hills. This area includes the Coast Fork Willamette River (now MacKenzie) and included creeks and braided waterways as the river meandered through … More Chafin Band Reservation and Village 1855

Temporary Reservation and Removal of the Molalla Band of Indians 1855-1871

The Molalla Indians were several tribes that lived in the foothills of the Cascade Range in the Willamette Valley. They ranged throughout the Cascades gathering berries and hunting in the mountainous environments. Many anthropologists have placed their homelands within the Cascades and have organized the tribes as North, Santiam and South, but they did not … More Temporary Reservation and Removal of the Molalla Band of Indians 1855-1871

Reservation for the Chemapho Band of Calapooias 1855

In March 1855, the tribes in the Willamette Valley needed to be resettled onto temporary reservations until they could be removed to a permanent reservation. Palmer, the Indian Superintendent for Oregon, did not know how long resettlement would take and so planned for as much as four years until the event happened. In the summer … More Reservation for the Chemapho Band of Calapooias 1855