Snowats, Iswukaw and Quartux

The story of Snowats, Iswukaw and Quartux, written down and published by Jesse Applegate in 1907, appears to be a version of one of the four myth ages stories of Albert Gatschet. The stories are collected over 30 years apart and the Applegate account was recalled by him from his experiences with the Kalapuyans in … More Snowats, Iswukaw and Quartux

My Mankiller Story

Now that I am immersed in native studies, I am finding that everyone has a good Mankiller story, as in a story of working with Wilma Mankiller the former Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation. Wilma became a figure in national native politics following Alcatraz where she became a central organizing figure, along with many … More My Mankiller Story

1851 Treaty with the Tualatin Band of Kalapuyas

The Tualatin treaty was the first to be negotiated in April of 1851 by the Willamette Valley Treaty Commission. The commission was replaced by Indian Superintendent Anson Dart who took over the work and budget of the commission in June or July of 1851 under the notion that the commissioners were not federal agents and … More 1851 Treaty with the Tualatin Band of Kalapuyas

Palmer’s Knowledge of the Tribes, 1854

Joel Palmer got his appointment to be the Superintendent of Indian Affairs in 1853 after the failure of Anson Dart to get some 19 treaties ratified. Palmer already knew many of the tribes and the following document reveals understandings of several that rarely appear in description of some of the tribes later. Clearly Palmer here … More Palmer’s Knowledge of the Tribes, 1854