I Have Only One Talk: The Dog Rivers Refuse to Remove

At the June 1855 treaty meeting of the Deschutes, Wascoes, and Walla Wallas, there were also the Dog River Cascades. They are listed on the transcript as being there but apparently never spoke publicly at the gathering. Various letters by Palmer and others suggest that they remained on their lands for several years beyond the removal of The Dalles area tribes to Warm Springs. To this point there has been much confusion about what exactly happened to this tribe. Palmer states that the Dog Rivers refused to remove, and instead wrote about them in his report and letter of introduction … Continue reading I Have Only One Talk: The Dog Rivers Refuse to Remove

Cascade Watlala Removal in April 1856

My previous article about the Cascades addressed the general history and culture of the Cascades Tribe. I am now over a year into additional research on these tribal histories. I have nearly completed a full review of the M2 microfilm series (Oregon Superintendency) and found numerous additional details. The most startling yet found is a letter from Joel Palmer, preserved in his letter-books (M2, Reel 6), that address directly the Cascades and when they were removed. Previously I have stated: “The Cascades at the rapids, now Cascade Locks have their own unique history. Those Cascades where on the southern eastern bank … Continue reading Cascade Watlala Removal in April 1856