Bristow’s Proposal for the Millpoo Ilihee and Camas Swale Post Offices, Lane County,1854

In the 1850s, American settlers were just setting up their communities, and towns, throughout the Oregon Territory. The earliest pioneers had arrived in 1830s, and a great rush of humanity began in 1844 with the start of the Oregon Trail. The “pioneers” settled in key locations throughout the valleys, first in western Oregon. Each area … More Bristow’s Proposal for the Millpoo Ilihee and Camas Swale Post Offices, Lane County,1854

Kalapuya Village of Chemaway

Previous to the settlement of the Oregon Territory the Chemawa (Chemaway) village was located a few miles south of the Village of Champoeg. Little is known about this village. The area did not become a major settler community and as such did not get the attention of larger settlements like Champoeg or Chemeketa (Salem).  Its … More Kalapuya Village of Chemaway

The Kalapuya Village of Champoeg

Champoeg is a monument to early Oregon settlement by French- Canadians and Americans from the 1820s to the 1850s. Champoeg, situated on the edge of the French Prairie, the breadbasket of early pioneer Oregon territory, served as a center of community governance, as a cultural center and as a trade port where shipments of grains … More The Kalapuya Village of Champoeg

A Final Year in Our Traditional Homelands: The Ten Temporary Reservations

Over the past few months, I have been writing articles about the temporary reservations in the Willamette Valley. From March 1855 to January 1856 these reservations existed in the valley and the Kalapuya and Molalla Indians lived within their boundaries. Farmers took contracts to supervise the tribes. American settlers did not want to live next … More A Final Year in Our Traditional Homelands: The Ten Temporary Reservations

Calapooia Band of Calapooias Reservation 1855

The Northern bands of Calapooias, perhaps the most affected by the early settlement of the Willamette Valley, the Ahantchuyuk inhabited the prairie east of the Willamette River above Lake Labish at Salem. This is one of the earliest areas settled and became known as French Prairie because of the numbers of French-Canadian/ French-Indian employees of … More Calapooia Band of Calapooias Reservation 1855