Rogue River Treaty of 1853, Negotiated September 10, 1853, Ratified April 12, 1854

The Rogue River Treaty of 1853 was negotiated at the base of the Lower Table Rock, between the base and the river. Accounts of the treaty signing suggest that the Rogue River tribes were assembled at the top of Table Rock and looked down at the proceedings. In this manner  they were protected from attacks … More Rogue River Treaty of 1853, Negotiated September 10, 1853, Ratified April 12, 1854

Equability of the Willamette Valley Treaty

Three days after signing the Willamette Valley Treaty (January 22, 1855) with the tribes of the Willamette Valley and Columbia River, Joel Palmer Superintendent of Indian Affairs for Oregon,  sent the treaty to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Manypenny. Palmer sent with the treaty an accompanying letter explaining the treaty and documenting the other promises … More Equability of the Willamette Valley Treaty

Depredation Claims: Everyone Gets Paid Except Natives

In the story of the American West, the notion of depredations is significant. Depredations in the West refers to the conflicts when Native peoples attacked American settlements and caused damage, or stole the settler’s belongings. These actions resulted in depredations claims by the settlers, ranchers or miners within the next few years, to the Bureau … More Depredation Claims: Everyone Gets Paid Except Natives